World/세계, 세계인2014.09.25 17:21


유엔 양성평등 명예대사인 엠마 왓슨의 양성평등을 촉구하는 유엔연설이 연일 화제였습니다. (<해리포터>의 귀여운 꼬마가 어느새...이렇게 자랐네요. 왠지 아끼는 막내 동생의 성장을 보는 것 만큼 기분이 좋은데요.

2005년도의 엠마 왓슨의 모습. 출처 : 위키피디아)


엠마 왓슨은 지난 21일 뉴욕 UN본부에서 열린 여권신장 캠페인 ‘히포쉬’[각주:1]에 참여했고, 당시 연설에서  “남성이 사회에서 인정받기 위해 공격적으로 되지 않아도 된다면 여성도 복종적으로 되지 않을 것이며, 남성이 누구를 지배하지 않아도 된다면 여성도 지배받지 않아도 된다”며 “남성과 여성 모두 세심하거나 강해져야 한다는 생각에서 벗어나야 한다”고 말했습니다. 엠마 왓슨의 연설 중 발언을 몇 문장 옮겨보면요.



"The more I have spoken about feminism, the more I have realised that fighting for women's rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating"

(페미니즘에 대해 말할수록 여성의 권리 확보를 위한 투쟁은 종종 남성을 증오하는 것과 같은 의미가 된다는 것을 깨닫게 된다)


"If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop."

(제가 확실하게 알게 된 것 중 하나는 이러한 현실은 그만 멈춰야 한다는 것)


"For the record, feminism by definition is: the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes" 

(페미니즘의 정의는 남성과 여성이 동등한 권리와 기회를 가져야 한다는 것. 이것은 남성과 여성의 정치적, 경제적, 사회적 평등을 뜻한다.)



(엠마 왓슨 유엔 연설 동영상)


엠마 왓슨 페이스북 주소 : https://www.facebook.com/emmawatson /엠마 왓슨의 유엔 양성평등 명예대사로서의 활동과 배우로서의 활동을 함께 볼 수 있군요. 그의 '아름다운 사진'도 많아요^^




다음은 연설문 전문




Today, we are launching a campaign called HeForShe. I am reaching out to you before we need your help. We want to end gender inequality and to do this, we need everyone involved. This is the first campaign of its kind at the UN. We want to try to galvanise as many men and boys as possible to be advocates for change and we don’t just want to talk about it. We want to try and make sure that it’s tangible.


I was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for U.N. Women six months ago and the more I’ve spoken about feminism, the more I have realized that fighting for women’s rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop.


For the record, feminism, by definition, is the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes. I started questioning gender-based assumptions a long time ago.


When I was 8, I was confused about being called ‘bossy’ because I wanted to direct the plays that we would put on for our parents. But the boys were not. When at 14, I started to be sexualized by certain elements of the media, when at 15, my girlfriends started dropping out of their beloved sports teams, because they didn’t want to appear ‘muscle-y,’ when at 18, my male friends were unable to express their feelings, I decided that I was a feminist. And this seems uncomplicated to me. But my recent research has shown me that feminism has become an unpopular word.


Women are choosing not to identify as feminists. Apparently, I am among the ranks of women whose expressions are seen as too strong, ‘too aggressive,’ isolating and anti-men, unattractive, even. Why has the word become such an uncomfortable one?


I am from Britain and I think it is right that I am paid the same as my male counterparts. I think it is right that I should be able to make decisions about my own body, I think [applause break] ... I think it is right that women be involved on my behalf in the policies and the decisions that affect my life. I think it is right that socially, I am afforded the same respect as men.


But sadly, I can say that there is no one country in the world where all women can expect to receive these rights. No country in the world can yet say that they have achieved gender equality. These rights, I consider to be human rights but I am one of the lucky ones, my life is a sheer privilege because my parents didn’t love me less because I was born a daughter. My school did not limit me because I was a girl. My mentors didn’t assume that I would go less far because I might give birth to a child one day. These influencers are the gender equality ambassadors that made me who I am today.


They may not know it, but they are the inadvertent feminists who are changing the world today. We need more of those and if you still hate the word, it is not the word that is important. It’s the idea and the ambition behind it. Because not all women have received the same rights that I have. In fact, statistically, very few have been.


In 1997, Hillary Clinton made a famous speech in Beijing about women’s rights. Sadly, many of the things that she wanted to change are still true today. But what stood out for me the most was that less than 30 per cent of the audience were male. How can we affect change in the world when only half of it is invited or feel welcome to participate in the conversation?


Men, I would like to take this opportunity to extend your formal invitation.” [Applause break] “Gender equality is your issue too. Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role as a parent being valued less by society despite my needing his presence, as a child, as much as my mother’s. I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness, unable to ask for help, for fear it would make them less of a man. In fact, in the U.K., suicide is the biggest killer of men, between 20 to 49, eclipsing road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease. I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality, either.


We don’t want to talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that they are. When they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence. If men don’t have to be aggressive, women won’t be compelled to be submissive. If men don’t need to control, women won’t have to be controlled.


It is time that we all see gender as a spectrum instead of two sets of opposing ideals. We should stop defining each other by what we are not and start defining ourselves by who we are. We can all be freer and this is what HeForShe is about. It’s about freedom. I want men to take up this mantle so their daughters, sisters and mothers can be free from prejudice but also so their sons have permission to be vulnerable and human, too and in doing so, be a more true and complete version of themselves.


You might think, ‘Who is this Harry Potter girl? What is she doing at the U. N.?’ And it’s a really good question — I’ve been asking myself the same thing. All I know is that I care about this problem and I want to make it better. And having seen what I’ve seen and given the chance, I feel my responsibility to say something. Statesman Edmund Burke said all that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for good men and women to do nothing.


In my nervousness for this speech and my moments of doubt, I’ve told myself firmly, ‘If not me, who? If not now, when?’ If you have similar doubts when opportunities are presented to you, I hope that those words will be helpful because the reality is, if we do nothing, it will take 75 years or for me, to be nearly 100, before women can expect to be paid the same as men for the same work — 15.5 million girls will be married in the next 16 years as children and at current rates, it won’t be until 2086 before all rural African girls can have a secondary education.


If you believe in equality, you might be one of those inadvertent feminists that I spoke of earlier and for this, I applaud you. We are struggling for a uniting word but the good news is that we have a uniting movement. It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to step forward to be seen and to ask yourself, ‘If not me, who? If not now, when?’ Thank you very, very much. 


지난 8월 터키 여성들은 온라인을 통해 '시위'를 벌였습니다. 앞서 뷸렌트 아른츠 부총리가 “여성들이 공공장소에서 웃어서는 안된다”고 말하자, 터키 여성들은 항의의 뜻으로 소셜미디어에 웃는 모습을 찍은 사진들을 올렸습니다. 이 시위는 곧 세계로 퍼졌고, 엠마 왓슨도 동참했습니다. 엠마 왓슨의 활동이 더 많은 지지를 이끌어내는 데 도움이 됐겠죠.


유엔 연설문에서 진성성이 느껴집니다. (그런데 이 연설 이후 엠마 왓슨의 누드 사진을 유출하겠다는 협박, 그리고 그 협박이 가짜라는 의혹, 엠마 왓슨을 활용해 한 사기성 단체가 페이지뷰를 늘리려 했다는 의혹까지 나왔다고 하네요. “엠마 왓슨, 다음은 네 차례야” 누드 사진 유출 사건 ‘미스테리’ )


엠마 왓슨의 다른 활동도 기대하면서. 사진 투척.......합니다. 이 사진 멋지군요!



                                                                              (사진출처 ㅣ 유엔여성기구)




(*) 지난 7월 유엔 여성기구는 영화 '해리포터' 시리즈로 유명한 영국 출신 여배우 엠마 왓슨을  친선대사로 위촉했다. (UN Women) 유엔 여성기구의 훔질레 믈람보-응쿠카 사무국장은 "엠마와 일하게 돼 영광스러우면서도 흥분된다. 우리는 그가 유엔 여성기구가 표방하는 가치를 구현해 줄 수 있을 것으로 믿는다"고 말했다. 최근 미국 명문 브라운대를 졸업한 왓슨은 해리포터 시리즈(2001~2011), '노아'(2014) 등을 통해 54억 달러의 흥행수입 창출을 견인한 할리우드 스타다.  앞서 할리우드 배우 니콜 키드먼, 태국의 파차라 끼디아퍄 마히돌 공주 등이 유엔 여성기구 친선대사로 활동했다.




  1. ‘히포쉬’는 불평등은 인권의 문제이며 이를 해소하는 것이 정치, 사회, 경제적으로 모두 이득이 된다는 것을 전제로 전 세계 많은 여성이 직면하고 있는 불평등 해소를 위해 10억 남성과 소년들이 지지자로 나서자는 취지의 캠페인이다. [본문으로]
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